Ladakh means the land of high passes, also known as the land of
endless discoveries, the moon land, little Tibet ...., situated
on the Northern part of India at an altitude of 9000 feet to
25000 feet, bounded by the Great Himalayas, in the Karakoram
Ladakh is bounded by world's two mightiest mountain ranges the
great Himalayan and the Karakoram, It lies athwart two others
The Ladakh and the Zanskar range. It lies at altitude ranging
from about 2,750m to 7,673m. The temperature in summer goes upto
27C and in winter it drops down to minus 20C. Monks at Thiksey
Monastery hermits and Nuns. Islam came to Ladakh from central
Asia and Kashmir after 15th century AD. Now the Kargil, Drass
and Suru valley is populated by Shia and Sunis are in Leh and
Kargil in smaller scale.
Trekking Routes in Ladakh
The Pangong Lake Circuit
The beautiful high altitude Pangong Lake is also another popular
destination with trekkers. It is a picturesque route that covers
Shey and Thikse with their interesting monasteries, before
turning off into the side valley of Chemrey. It goes over the
Chang - la , the pass over the Ladakh range which despite it
height is not too difficult to tackle. At the base of the pass,
tangse has an ancient temple. The trek ends at spangmik, which
is the furthest point to which foreigners are permitted - about
7 km along the southern bank of the lake.
In winter the temp touches as low as minus 30 degree(Leh &
Kargil) and minus 60 degree in (Drass) subzero temp.prevails
from December to February throughout Ladakh, where as, zero
degree temp.'s experienced during rest of winter months. This
result in freezing of all conceivable water resources. During
summer the maximum temp.increases from 20 degree C to 38 degree
C in July and August. The relative humidity is low and ranges
from 31 to 64 percent.
PERMITS : No special permit is required to visit Ladakh,
however all foreigner tourist are required to get themselves
registered at the check points when getting into Ladakh. Inner
line permit is needed for the following areas:
1. Nubra Valley
2. Tsomoriri Lake
3. pangong Lake
A Ladakh Family
Foreign Climbing expeditions are required to obtain permission
from the Indian Mountaineering Foundation for climbing Peaks
above 6000 feet. All these can be arranged by us.
BEST SEASON : May to September
Ladakh can be divided into 2 districts Leh and Kargil
Leh: Leh, The capital of Ladakh since the 14th Century
situated at an altitude of 11000 ft. The main attraction is the
nine storey Leh Palace (Built by Singge Namgyal in
Founder of Ladakh paradise sitting in Center
16th century) and Tsemo (Victory Peak) built by Tashi Namgyal.
The other places of importance are the Sankar Monastery, Shanti
Stupa Zoravar Fort etc. It is also the main business centre of
Leh can be subdivided into four main tourist circuits:
Nubra Valley : Popularly known
as the "Ldomra or the valley of flowers situated at an altitude
of about 10000 ft. The major attraction is the world highest
road (Khardong la 18,380 ft) The capital of Nubra, Diskit is 118
km from Leh has a beautiful monastery(founded in 1420) on the
hilltop just above the village. 7 km from Diskit is the village
of Hunder, very famous for double hump camels which is only
found in Central Asia and Nubra Valley. Other attractions are
the villages of Trith, Sumur, Tegar (Samstangling Monastery )
and Panamik (hot springs). 7 to 8 kms from Panamik is Ensa
Monastery 250 years old, can only go by walking. 3-4 hours.
DHA-HANU:150 - 170Km from Leh,situated at an altitude of
10,000ft is the Land of the "DROK-PA"an Indo Aryan race. Only
two village is open for tourist Dha&Biama. Their cultural and
religious practices are totally different from the rest of
Ladakh. They believe in an ancient pre-Buddhist Animist religion
known as "BON-CHOS".This people used to never take bath a few
years earlier,"saying that if you wash your self,Your Luck goes
away".It has much to offer to scholars in the field of
Central Ladakh: The area around river Indus starting from
Upshi to Khaltse. This is the most beautiful area with lots of
Monasteries and Villages. The capital of Ladakh (Leh) also comes
under this area. The major attractions are the nine storey
palace (Leh), the palace museum of Stok, Hemis, Thiksey, Chemrey,
Phyang, Lamayuru, Spituk, Ridzong, Alchi Monasteries and
villages of Basgo, Nimoo, Sankar etc.
Changthang Area: The land of nomad. Called the "Khampas" are
Chamgpas". There are two race of nomads, one is the Ladakhi
nomads and the other Tibetan nomads Lives here in their yak
skin, movable tents. They can be seen moving around with their
herds of yaks, goat and sheep, and cows in search of pasture
lands. The area is also famous for its wild life. You may see
snow leopards, foxes, wolves wild asses, antelopes, marmots and
also some endangered species of birds like the bar headed goose,
crested grebe, brahimi ducks, etc.
Kargil can be subdivided into two tourist circuits:
KARGIL: The second Largest
town of Ladakh,is around 230Km from Leh,was once the trade route
that leads to Kashmir,Baltistan,Afghanistan and Central Asia and
Tibet. It still retains its conservative Balti Shia Muslim
culture and has two fine Mosques built in Turkish style. Now use
as a stop over when going to Srinagar or Zanskar.
ZANSKAR: The land of Religion,it is noted for its high
ranges,fine Gompas and gentle people. It has the largest number
of Gompas in Ladakh region outside the Indus Valley. The land is
virtually untouched until now. Now a popular destination for
adventure treks. The famous peaks of Nun & Kun also are in
Zanskar. Padum is the the main habitation and subdivisional
headquarter. Close by are two famous Gompas of Stagrimo&Pibithing.
A two hour trek from Padum takes one to Karsha Gompa(16th
Century).This is the largest and the wealthiest Gompa of this
region. Other interesting Gompas of this region are:-Sani(6Km
from Padum),Stongdey(18Km),Bardan(12Km)and the Phugtal Gompa.
Getting into Ladakh
BY AIR : From Delhi, Chandigarh, Jammu and Srinagar.
BY ROAD :
Manali -Leh 473 Km, opens in around 15th June, closes around 1st
Srinagar - Leh 434km, opens in around 15th May, closes around
1st Nov. (Opening and closure of roads depend on the weather).
Taxis and buses are available from these places.